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What is the GPCI?

Given the global competition between cities, the Global Power City Index (GPCI) evaluates and ranks the major cities of the world according to their “magnetism,” or their comprehensive power to attract people, capital, and enterprises from around the world. It does so through measuring 6 functions—Economy, Research and Development, Cultural Interaction, Livability, Environment, and Accessibility—providing a multidimensional ranking. The GPCI is able to grasp the strengths, weaknesses, and challenges of global cities in a continuously changing world not only through a ranking, but also through analyzing that ranking’s specific components.


Download the latest GPCI-2022 report

Target Cities

Executive Summary


Although London maintained its #1 position, the city saw its score fall for the second year running. In the Economy function, scores for all indicators in both the "Market Size" and "Market Attractiveness" indicator groups fell. Scores related to Accessibility's "Air Transport Capacity" and Cultural Interaction's "International Interaction" dropped sharply. On the other hand, London moved up to #11 in Environment, placing it one position away from achieving top 10 results across all functions.

New York
New York

New York saw its comprehensive score improve, bringing it closer to #1 London. The city received excellent results in Cultural Interaction's "Tourism Resources" and "Visitor Amenities", jumping over Paris and returning to the #2 position for the first time since GPCI-2020. In Livability, scores for "Working Environment", which had fallen last year, improved this year. In Accessibility, scores improved due to the recovery of the number of passengers on domestic air flights, resulting in the city achieving a #1 position in "Air Transport Capacity".


Tokyo had the fourth largest drop in its comprehensive score among GPCI cities, edging closer to #4 Paris. The city saw its rank fall in 4 of the 6 functions, with lower scores in "Tourism Resources" and "International Interaction" in Cultural Interaction causing a drop to #5 in that function. Unlike New York, the slow recovery of air travel for Tokyo caused a strong decline in its "Air Transport Capacity" scores in Accessibility.


Score Deviation Fluctuation of Top 5 Cities

London, in 1st position, has been in a downtrend since the COVID-19 and its withdrawing from the EU, while New York, in 2nd position, has overtaken London.
Tokyo, in 3rd position, has fallen sharply and is closely followed by Paris, which will host the 2024 Olympics games.
Singapore in 5th place, has been stagnant since GPCI-2020 as well as London.

Related Research
City Perception Survey 2022

The City Perception Survey 2022 reveals differences in the image of the GPCI's top cities based on responses from 9,600 residents in 48 world cities.
The survey also identifies differences in city image based on whether respondents had visited or were resident in a city.

*This page is best viewed on computers.

City Perception Survey




"Global Power City Index 2022 Summary" includes the details of Comprehensive Ranking and Function-Specific Ranking, list of indicators and definitions, Actor Evaluation.



expected release of January 2023
Bilingual (English and Japanese)
Print Edition: JPY 20,350 (tax included)
PDF: JPY 16,500 (tax included)

The Global Power City Index YEARBOOK 2022 is a full report of the GPCI-2022, providing a detailed account of its methodology and results. The city profiles analyze each of the 48 target cities of the GPCI and illustrate the city’s strengths and weaknesses in reference to the score and ranking of the 70 indicators. The detailed definitions and sources of the indicators are also included in the book.

Press Resources

  • Press Release

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  • Summary

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  • Score Deviation Fluctuation

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  • Comprehensive Ranking

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  • Function-Specific Ranking

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  • Target Cities

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If you have any questions about the Global Power City Index, please contact


For more information about the Global Power City Index, please see the Summary or order the YEARBOOK. You can download the PDF version of the Summary below. The YEARBOOK provides specific details on the methods of research, definition of indicators, lists of data sources, and scores and ranking analysis of each city.


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