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Japan Power Cities

While the world's population is predicted to keep on growing in the years ahead, the population of Japan is expected to shrink rapidly as a result of a declining birth rate and an aging society. In facing such circumstances head on, cities across Japan, in order to maintain their dynamism, must harness their respective characteristics and push ahead with urban development, while maintaining the “magnetism” required to attract people and companies, as well as the “growth potential” that continually demonstrates their urban appeal and strengths. In the “Japan Power Cities–Profiling Urban Attractiveness”, a comparative and multi-faceted analysis of the strengths of the major cities of Japan was conducted to shed light on city characteristics such as strengths and attractiveness in the hope of contributing to the formulation and execution of an urban strategy plan.

Japan Power Cities 2018 Summary

This summary includes the background & objective, the evaluation methodology of the study, the data tables, and the 2018 results & analysis. The results & analysis features radar charts of specific cities and a cluster analysis of all target cities.
The in-depth report of this study is published in “Japan Power Cities Databook 2018” (Japanese only).

Key Features

Target Cities

72 major Japanese cities and the 23 wards of Tokyo were included as target cities in this study. The 72 major cities comprise those designated by government ordinance, prefectural capitals, and the three biggest cities by population in each prefecture (cities with a population of more than 200,000 and a daytime-nighttime population ratio of more than 1.0 for those located within Japan's big three metropolitan areas, or more than 0.9 for cities elsewhere).

Evaluation Methodology

In this study, 6 functions (Economy & Business, Research & Development, Cultural Interaction, Daily Life and Livability, Environment, and Accessibility) were created to represent the components of cities. Furthermore, 26 indicator groups were established to represent the primary components of those functions, with 83 indicators finally being determined.

Function / Indicator Group / Indicator


Radar charts and bar graphs were used to clarify the strengths and attractiveness of each target city in this study. The following are the examples of particularly unique cities, six of which are from a 72 major Japanese cities and three from the 23 wards of Tokyo.

72 major cities: Unique city example


A financially stable company town



A hub city of world-renowned research institutes



A tourist city full of soft cultural resources



A highly evaluated city in livability



A city full of natural environment



A compact city blessed with mild climate


23 wards of Tokyo


A city with high satisfaction for its natural environment
and waterfront areas



An international city with economic vitality
and cultural attractiveness



A city outstanding in R&D and livability


In the Databook 2018, you can find a city's characteristics
through different data forms including indicator group-specific radar charts.

Japan Power Cities Databook 2018
City characteristics of 72 major cities of Japan and 23 wards of Tokyo are revealed!

Release date
Print Edition: November 30th, 2018
PDF: November 20th, 2018
A4/ 343 pages
Japanese only
Print Edition: JPY 32,400 (tax included)
PDF: JPY 25,920 (tax included)
Results & Analysis
City Profiles
Data Tables
Japan Power Cities Databook 2018


The Japan Power Cities (JPC) Databook profiles the strengths and special characteristics of major target cities located in Japan's administrative divisions, offering a multifaceted comparative analysis.

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